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せかいや

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【Ruby】2スレッドの値交換。並列イテレーター内でスレッド生成(居眠りなど)。

 

2つのスレッドが値を交換

require 'thread'
class Exchanger
  def initialize
    @first_value = @second_value = nil
    @lock = Mutex.new
    @first = Mutex.new
    @second = ConditionVariable.new
  end
  def exchange(value)
    @lock.synchronize do
      if @first.try_lock
        @first_value = value
        @second.wait(@lock)  #<= 2番目のスレッドを待つ
        @first.unlock
        @second_value
      else
        @second_value = value
        @second.signal
        @first_value
      end
    end
  end
end
e = Exchanger.new
Thread.new do
  value = e.exchange("no1")
  p value + "dayo"
end
Thread.new do
  sleep(3)
  value = e.exchange("no2")
  p value + "dayodayo"
end
loop do
end


■実行結果

"no1dayodayo"
"no2dayo"

へー。



複数回実行する

以前に勉強した
並列イテレーター
他スレッドの終了を待つメソッドを加えて、
詳しく動きを理解してみよう。

通常のイテレータ、居眠りあり(並列なし)

require 'thread'
class Exchanger
  def initialize
    @first_value = @second_value = nil
    @lock = Mutex.new
    @first = Mutex.new
    @second = ConditionVariable.new
  end
  def exchange(value)
    @lock.synchronize do
      if @first.try_lock
        @first_value = value
        @second.wait(@lock)  #<= 2番目のスレッドを待つ
        @first.unlock
        @second_value
      else
        @second_value = value
        @second.signal
        @first_value
      end
    end
  end
end
module Enumerable
  def concurrently(&block)
    threads = []
    self.each_with_index do |item, i|
      threads << Thread.new{block.call(item, i)}
    end
    threads.map{|t| t.join}
  end
end
Thread.abort_on_exception = true
_hash = {a: "aa", b: "bb",c: "cc", d: "dd", e: "ee"}
_hash.each_with_index do |(key, val), i|  #<= ループA
  e = Exchanger.new
  Thread.new do
    value = e.exchange(key)
    p value.to_s + "  #{i}"  #<= (p1)
  end
  Thread.new do
    sleep(1)  #<= イ
    value = e.exchange(val)
    p value.to_s + "  #{i} dayo"  #<= (p2)
  end
  sleep(1)  #<= ア
  p "#{i} time end"  #<= (p3)
end
loop do
end

■実行結果

"0 time end"
"a  0 dayo"
"aa  0"
"1 time end"
"b  1 dayo"
"bb  1"
"2 time end"
"c  2 dayo"
"cc  2"
"3 time end"
"d  3 dayo"
"dd  3"
"4 time end"
"e  4 dayo"
"ee  4"

■考察
図で書くとこういう感じ
(ピンクはイテレーターの各要素の動き)
f:id:sekaiya:20131025164320j:plain



 

通常のイテレーター(居眠りなし)

さっきの

  sleep(1)  #<= ア

を消してみると?
 
■実行結果

"0 time end"
"1 time end"
"2 time end"
"3 time end"
"4 time end"
"b  1 dayo"
"a  0 dayo"
"bb  1"
"c  2 dayo"
"cc  2"
"e  4 dayo"
"d  3 dayo"
"aa  0"
"ee  4"
"dd  3"

 
■考察
こういうイメージ
f:id:sekaiya:20131025161920j:plain



 

並列イテレーター(居眠りあり)

関係のあるコードだけ、、

module Enumerable
  def concurrently(&block)
    threads = []
    self.each_with_index do |item, i|
      threads << Thread.new{block.call(item, i)}
    end
    threads.map{|t| t.join}
  end
end
Thread.abort_on_exception = true
_hash = {a: "aa", b: "bb",c: "cc", d: "dd", e: "ee"}
_hash.concurrently do |(key, val), i|  #<= ループA
  e = Exchanger.new
  Thread.new do
    value = e.exchange(key)
    p value.to_s + "  #{i}"  #<= (p1)
  end
  Thread.new do
    sleep(1)  #<= イ
    value = e.exchange(val)
    p value.to_s + "  #{i} dayo"  #<= (p2)
  end
  sleep(1)  #<= ア
  p "#{i} time end"  #<= (p3)
end

 
■実行結果

"4 time end"
"0 time end"
"1 time end"
"2 time end"
"d  3 dayo"
"3 time end"
"e  4 dayo"
"b  1 dayo"
"bb  1"
"a  0 dayo"
"c  2 dayo"
"dd  3"
"ee  4"
"aa  0"
"cc  2"

 
■考察
並列なので、居眠りしていても、他の要素には関係がない
f:id:sekaiya:20131025162713j:plain



 

イテレーターの各要素でスレッド終了を待つ

def join_all
  main = Thread.main
  current = Thread.current
  all = Thread.list
  all.each{|t| t.join unless t==current || t==main}
end
Thread.abort_on_exception = true
_hash = {a: "aa", b: "bb",c: "cc", d: "dd", e: "ee"}
_hash.each_with_index do |(key, val), i|  #<= ループA
  e = Exchanger.new
  Thread.new do
    value = e.exchange(key)
    p value.to_s + "  #{i}"  #<= (p1)
  end
  Thread.new do
    sleep(1)  #<= イ
    value = e.exchange(val)
    p value.to_s + "  #{i} dayo"  #<= (p2)
  end
  join_all
  p "#{i} time end"  #<= (p3)
end
loop do
end

 
■実行結果

"a  0 dayo"
"aa  0"
"0 time end"
"b  1 dayo"
"bb  1"
"1 time end"
"c  2 dayo"
"cc  2"
"2 time end"
"d  3 dayo"
"dd  3"
"3 time end"
"e  4 dayo"
"ee  4"
"4 time end"

■考察
こういう感じ。
f:id:sekaiya:20131025163534j:plain

 
ちょっとスレッドが分かった